Local and Metastatic Relapse Features in Patients After a Primary Soft Tissue Sarcoma: Advocating for a Better-Tailored Follow-Up.

Frontiers in oncology, Juil 2019

Blaye C, Kind M, Stoeckle E, Brouste V, Kantor G, Le Loarer F, Italiano A, Toulmonde M.

Doi : 10.3389/fonc.2019.00559



Background: No consensus exists on how to follow patients after complete remission of a primary Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS). Studying relapse features could help tailor guidelines for follow-up. Patients and Methods: Patients in complete remission after initial management of a localized STS at Institut Bergonié who presented a first local and/or metastatic relapse between January 1995 and July 2015 were eligible. Characteristics of relapse diagnosis were retrospectively collected. Results: 359 patients met inclusion criteria. 197 and 187 patients presented a local relapse and a metastatic relapse, respectively. In group 1 (limbs/trunk wall) and 2 (trunk/gynecological/other location), local relapse was diagnosed on clinical symptoms in 89 and 44% of cases, first detected by the patient himself in 68.5 and 34% of cases, and outside a planned visit in 67 and 36% of cases, respectively. In patients with metastatic relapse, diagnosis was made during a planned visit in 63% of cases, and by imaging in 62% of cases. Median survival after relapse was not different whether the first local relapse was diagnosed clinically or by imaging (44 [95%CI: 28-69.8] vs. 57 months [95%CI: 33.9-84.5], p = 0.35) but was longer if diagnosis of metastatic relapse was made on planned chest-CT scan rather than chest X-ray (58 [95%CI: 35.5-103.9] vs. 25 months [95%CI: 16.5-32.6], p < 0.05). Conclusion: Patient’s education for regular clinical examination can be recommended for follow-up of local relapses after a primary STS of the limbs or superficial trunk. Modeling studies aiming at better understanding and predicting tumor biology to improve tailoring STS patients’ follow-up are warranted.